Гиперкалиемия – клиническое значение, подходы к лечению


Е.В. Шутов

1) ГБУЗ «Городская клиническая больница им. С.П. Боткина» ДЗ г. Москвы; Москва, Россия 2) ФГБОУ ДПО «Российская медицинская академия непрерывного профессионального образования» МЗ РФ, кафедра нефрологии и гемодиализа; Москва, Россия
Гиперкалиемия как электролитное нарушение часто встречается среди пациентов с хронической болезнью почек (ХБП), сахарным диабетом, сердечной недостаточностью, у пациентов, пользующихся ингибиторами ангиотензин-альдостероновой системы и нестероидными противовоспалительными средствами. Различные исследования показали, что у пациентов с сердечно-сосудистыми заболеваниями и/или ХБП гиперкалиемия считается значительным фактором риска смертности от всех причин. На сегодняшний день актуальные терапевтические вмешательства в борьбу с хронической гиперкалиемией включают ограничение калия в рационе, активное использование диуретической терапии, коррекцию ацидоза и введение полистиролсульфоната натрия или кальция. Калийсвязывающие обменные смолы в повседневной клинической практике остаются единственными доступными в настоящее время лекарственными средствами. Несмотря на серьезность проблемы гиперкалиемии, до сих пор недостаточно клинических исследований, посвященных эффективному и безопасному лечению этой патологии.

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Об авторах / Для корреспонденции


Шутов Евгений Викторович – д.м.н., зав. отделением нефрологии №12 ГБУЗ «ГКБ им. С.П. Боткина» ДЗМ, профессор кафедры нефрологии и гемодиализа ФГБОУ ДПО РМАПО; Москва, Россия. E-mail: shutov_e_v@mail.ru; ORCID ID: 0000-0002-1213-8600


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